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Csonkarï¿½ti Kï¿½roly: Az 1917. esztendï¿½ben a tengerï¿½szrepï¿½lï¿½k kï¿½zï¿½l elï¿½szï¿½r a trieszti tï¿½maszpontrï¿½l emelkedett a magasba repï¿½lï¿½gï¿½p, mï¿½gpedig az A 12 jelï¿½, rettenthetetlen pilï¿½tï¿½jï¿½val Banfield sorhajï¿½had-naggyal, hogy felderï¿½tse az Isonzï¿½ vonalï¿½t. Kï¿½zben nagy lï¿½gi csatï¿½t vï¿½vott a kor egyik kivï¿½lï¿½ olasz vadï¿½szpilï¿½tï¿½jï¿½val, Francesco Baraccï¿½val 3500 mï¿½ter magasan a Doberdï¿½-fennsï¿½kja fï¿½lï¿½tt. Bï¿½r mindketten tï¿½bb talï¿½latot kaptak, szerencsï¿½sen hazaï¿½rkeztek, csak Banfieldnek sebesï¿½lt meg a kï¿½nyï¿½ke. A zord tï¿½li idï¿½jï¿½rï¿½s miatt januï¿½rban Triesztbï¿½l csupï¿½n kï¿½tszer s Pï¿½lï¿½bï¿½l csak egyszer szï¿½lltak fel gï¿½pek; kï¿½tszer kï¿½telï¿½kben repï¿½lve bombï¿½ztak olasz vï¿½rosi cï¿½lpontokat - gyï¿½rakat, repï¿½lï¿½tereket -, egyszer ellensï¿½ges lï¿½gitï¿½madï¿½s elhï¿½rï¿½tï¿½sï¿½ra startoltak. Egy gï¿½p elveszett, szemï¿½lyzete (Babics fregatthadnagy ï¿½s Gï¿½nczy egyï¿½ves ï¿½nkï¿½ntes) fogsï¿½gba esett. Az idï¿½jï¿½rï¿½s s vele a repï¿½lï¿½si viszonyok javulï¿½sï¿½val februï¿½rban megï¿½lï¿½nkï¿½lt a lï¿½gtï¿½r forgalma. Triesztbï¿½l nï¿½gyszer, Pï¿½lï¿½bï¿½l ï¿½tszï¿½r, Fiumï¿½bï¿½l hï¿½romszor indultak gï¿½pe bevetï¿½sre. Emlï¿½tï¿½sre ï¿½rdemes, hogy az egyik sajï¿½t gï¿½pï¿½nk, az L 124-es, tï¿½vedï¿½sbï¿½l a 73. Szï¿½mï¿½ sajï¿½t torpedï¿½naszï¿½dunkat bombï¿½zta, szerencsï¿½re eredmï¿½nytelenï¿½l. A februï¿½r 11-ei, Pï¿½la elleni ellensï¿½ges lï¿½gitï¿½madï¿½s visszaverï¿½sï¿½re felszï¿½llï¿½ A 15 az egyik gï¿½pet lelï¿½tte, majd a mï¿½sik kettï¿½t vette ï¿½ldï¿½zï¿½be, de vï¿½gï¿½l nyomtalanul eltï¿½nt, valï¿½szï¿½nï¿½leg az olaszok lelï¿½ttï¿½k, pilï¿½tï¿½ja, Soupper fregatthadnagy elesett. A dï¿½li tï¿½maszpontokrï¿½l, Kumborbï¿½l hï¿½romszor emelkedtek a magasba a gï¿½pek s Barit ï¿½s Brindisit bombï¿½ztï¿½k, megvï¿½vva lï¿½giharcaikat; Durazzï¿½bï¿½l ugyancsak hï¿½romszor repï¿½ltek tï¿½madï¿½sra ï¿½s felderï¿½tï¿½sre a gï¿½pek. A februï¿½r 10-ei bevetï¿½snï¿½l hï¿½rom gï¿½p tï¿½madott meg kï¿½t ï¿½rhajï¿½t, amelyek kemï¿½nyen vï¿½dekeztek ï¿½s eltalï¿½ltï¿½k az L 133-at, amely kï¿½nytelen volt a tengerre ereszkedni, alig 500 mï¿½terre az egyik brit ï¿½rhajï¿½tï¿½l. A viharos tenger egyik hullï¿½ma szï¿½tzï¿½zta a gï¿½p orrï¿½t, amely fejre ï¿½llt. Az ï¿½rhajï¿½ teljes gï¿½zzel igyekezett a sï¿½llyedï¿½ gï¿½p felï¿½ s kï¿½zben vadul lï¿½tte. Az L 130 ï¿½s az L 131 tï¿½bbszï¿½ri kï¿½sï¿½rletezï¿½s utï¿½n vï¿½gre le tudott szï¿½llni a hï¿½borgï¿½ tengerre az L 133 mellï¿½. Az L 131 felvette Mossig tengerï¿½szkadï¿½tot, s hogy ismï¿½t felszï¿½llhasson, kidobta a gï¿½ppuskï¿½jï¿½t ï¿½s felszï¿½llt. Mikï¿½zben a mï¿½sik gï¿½p, az L 130 mï¿½g a szerencsï¿½tlenï¿½l jï¿½rt L 133-as mï¿½sik pilï¿½tï¿½jï¿½nak megmentï¿½sï¿½n fï¿½radozott, egyszercsak ï¿½t ellensï¿½ges rombolï¿½ jelent meg a kï¿½zelben s a parti tï¿½zï¿½rsï¿½g is lï¿½ni kezdte a repï¿½lï¿½ket Sasenï¿½rï¿½l ï¿½s a Linguetta-fokrï¿½l. Addigra sikerï¿½lt az L 130-nak fedï¿½lzetï¿½re vennie Seger egyï¿½ves ï¿½nkï¿½ntest s megkï¿½sï¿½relte a felszï¿½llï¿½st. Egy hullï¿½m azonban lecsapta a jobb szï¿½rnyat, a gï¿½p tï¿½bbï¿½ nem mozdult. Schiavon sorhajï¿½hadnagy, Metzner repï¿½lï¿½mester ï¿½s Seger olasz fogsï¿½gba kerï¿½lt, az egyik rombolï¿½ vette fel ï¿½ket. Mï¿½rciusban az idï¿½jï¿½rï¿½s ismï¿½t rosszabbra fordult, kevesebbszer indultak a gï¿½pek bevetï¿½sre, mint februï¿½rban. Az igazï¿½n nagy kï¿½zdelmek ï¿½prilisban kezdï¿½dtek. Triesztbï¿½l, elsï¿½sorban a front fï¿½lï¿½ vagy annak kï¿½zelï¿½be tizenkï¿½tszer, Pï¿½lï¿½bï¿½l nï¿½gyszer, Parenzï¿½bï¿½l egyszer szï¿½lltak fï¿½l a gï¿½pek, 18-20 egysï¿½gbï¿½l ï¿½llï¿½ kï¿½telï¿½kben. ï¿½prilis 17-ï¿½n azzal a paranccsal indult Pï¿½lï¿½bï¿½l a K 192 (grï¿½f Szï¿½chenyi Mihï¿½ly ï¿½s Plachner Jï¿½nos tengerï¿½szkadettek) hogy felderï¿½tï¿½st vï¿½gezzenek az olasz parton a Piavï¿½tï¿½l a Pï¿½ torkolatig. Velence elï¿½tt hï¿½rom olasz gï¿½p tï¿½madta a K 192-est, ï¿½tlï¿½ttï¿½k a benzintankjï¿½t s kï¿½nytelen volt leszï¿½llni a vï¿½zre. A hï¿½borgï¿½ tengeren azonban a gï¿½p ï¿½tfordult ï¿½s fejre ï¿½llt. Egy olasz gï¿½p mellï¿½je szï¿½llt, hogy a pilï¿½tï¿½kat megmentse, ï¿½m a hullï¿½mverï¿½sben az olasz gï¿½p is megsï¿½rï¿½lt s most egymï¿½s mellett ï¿½szkï¿½ltak a vï¿½zben az olaszok ï¿½s a magyarok. Hamarosan ï¿½jabb olasz gï¿½p ereszkedett, ez sikerrel landolt s felvette az olasz ï¿½s magyar pilï¿½tï¿½kat. Felszï¿½llni azonban az olasz sem tudott motorhavariï¿½ja miatt, ezï¿½rt jelzï¿½pisztolyï¿½bï¿½l fï¿½nyjeleket adott, amit viszont a K 192-est keresï¿½ 75 T cs. ï¿½s kir. torpedï¿½naszï¿½d vett ï¿½szre ï¿½s oda ï¿½rve fedï¿½lzetï¿½re vette Szï¿½chenyit ï¿½s Plachnert, valamint foglyul ejtette a hï¿½rom olasz tisztet ï¿½s egy altisztet. A K 192 keresï¿½sï¿½re indï¿½tott K 188-as viszont eltï¿½nt... 1917 mï¿½jusï¿½ban a trieszti repï¿½lï¿½ï¿½llomï¿½srï¿½l csaknem naponta szï¿½lltak fï¿½l gï¿½pek, rendszerint nagyobb kï¿½telï¿½ket alkotva, hogy bombï¿½zzï¿½k a frontvonalat, valamint a parti hadifontossï¿½gï¿½ cï¿½lokat. Elï¿½fordult, mint pï¿½ldï¿½ul mï¿½jus 24-ï¿½n, 25-ï¿½n, 26-ï¿½n a reggeli bevetï¿½srï¿½l visszatï¿½rt pilï¿½tï¿½k kï¿½zï¿½l tï¿½bben dï¿½lutï¿½n is felszï¿½lltak s kemï¿½ny lï¿½gi csatï¿½kat vï¿½vtak a sajï¿½tpartokra tï¿½rï¿½ olasz ï¿½s francia repï¿½lï¿½kkel (Kolos Kï¿½lmï¿½n tengerï¿½szzï¿½szlï¿½s, Sabratzky Kurt fregatthadnagy, Banfield sorhajï¿½hadnagy ï¿½s mï¿½g sokan mï¿½sok is). Az olaszokat a francia ï¿½s brit haditengerï¿½szet is tï¿½mogatta. Mï¿½jus 24-ï¿½n ï¿½t gï¿½p indult tï¿½ma-dï¿½sra az ellen a kï¿½t brit monitor ellen, amelyek a tenger felï¿½l avatkoztak bele hajï¿½lï¿½vegjeikkel a 10. Isonzï¿½ csatï¿½ba. Kï¿½zï¿½lï¿½k az A 24-el Banfieldnek mï¿½g Muggiï¿½nï¿½l le kellett szï¿½llnia, de ï¿½tï¿½lt egy mï¿½sikra, az A 11-re ï¿½s a tï¿½bbiek utï¿½n sietett. A repï¿½lï¿½k ï¿½sszesen 38 bombï¿½t dobtak az EARL OF PETERSBOROUGH ï¿½s a SIR THOMAS PICTON nevï¿½ brit monitorokra s gï¿½ppuskatï¿½zzel ï¿½rasztottï¿½k el fedï¿½lzetï¿½ket. A tï¿½madï¿½s olyan jï¿½l sikerï¿½lt, hogy a monitorok felhagytak a tï¿½zelï¿½ssel ï¿½s visszavonultak sï¿½rï¿½lï¿½seik kijavï¿½tï¿½sï¿½ra. Kï¿½zben lï¿½giharc bontakozott ki, s az L 137-est leszï¿½llï¿½sra kï¿½nyszerï¿½tettï¿½k, szemï¿½lyzete fogsï¿½gba esett. A dï¿½lutï¿½n ismï¿½t felszï¿½llï¿½ Banfield egy francia vadï¿½szgï¿½ppel keveredett lï¿½giharcba, de mindkettï¿½jï¿½knek elfogyott a lï¿½szere s szï¿½tvï¿½lva, hazatï¿½rtek.
1917-ben az Adriï¿½n a legjelentï¿½sebb harci esemï¿½ny az otrantï¿½i tengeri csata volt, amelyben Horthy sorhajï¿½kapitï¿½ny, kï¿½telï¿½kparancsnok hï¿½rom gyorscirkï¿½lï¿½jï¿½val ï¿½s kï¿½t rombolï¿½jï¿½val szï¿½ttï¿½pte az otrantï¿½i tengerzï¿½rat s ï¿½ttï¿½rte a nï¿½la sokkal erï¿½sebb egyesï¿½lt brit-olasz-francia hajï¿½k vonalï¿½t. A gyï¿½zelemhez a tengerï¿½szrepï¿½lï¿½k is derekasan hozzï¿½jï¿½rultak, bï¿½r errï¿½l ï¿½ltalï¿½ban kevï¿½s szï¿½ esik. A csata napjï¿½n, mï¿½jus 15-ï¿½n kï¿½t repï¿½lï¿½ startolt Durazzï¿½bï¿½l, ï¿½gymint a K 177 (Konyevics ï¿½s Kolhauser sorhajï¿½hadnagy, Adametz fregatthadnagy) ï¿½s a K 179 (Klimburg fregatthadnagy, Schramek tengerï¿½szzï¿½szlï¿½s) ï¿½s felderï¿½tettï¿½k a Brindisibï¿½l kifutï¿½ ellensï¿½get. Kï¿½sï¿½bb beavatkoztak gï¿½pfegyvereikkel abba a tï¿½zpï¿½rbajra, amelyet a CSEPEL ï¿½s a BALATON rombolï¿½ vï¿½vott a brit DARTMOUTH cirkï¿½lï¿½val ï¿½s csoportjï¿½val. Amikor megpillantottï¿½k a sebesen kï¿½zeledï¿½ MIRABELLO-csoportot, azonnal a sajï¿½t gyorscirkï¿½lï¿½k-hoz repï¿½ltek ï¿½s ï¿½rtesï¿½tettï¿½k errï¿½l a NOVARï¿½-t. Ezutï¿½n lï¿½gi csatï¿½t vï¿½vtak kï¿½t ellensï¿½ges repï¿½lï¿½gï¿½ppel s az egyiket leszï¿½llï¿½sra kï¿½nyszerï¿½tettï¿½k. Ezutï¿½n, ï¿½zemanyaguk fogytï¿½n, tï¿½bb talï¿½lattal a gï¿½pek testï¿½ben, visszatï¿½rtek tï¿½maszpontjukra. A Kumborbï¿½l felszï¿½llï¿½ K 153 (Zelezny fregatthadnagy, Lerch fregatthadnagy) ï¿½s K 154 (Poljanec sorhajï¿½hadnagy, Prauer egyï¿½ves ï¿½nkï¿½ntes) a Rodoni-foknï¿½l figyeltï¿½k az ellensï¿½get ï¿½s jelentettï¿½k ï¿½szrevï¿½teleiket a NOVARï¿½-nak, majd segï¿½tettï¿½k rï¿½diï¿½n a CSEPEL-csoport tï¿½zvezetï¿½sï¿½t. Kï¿½sï¿½bb visszatï¿½rtek Durazzï¿½ba, ahol ï¿½zemanyagot ï¿½s bombï¿½t vï¿½teleztek, majd megtï¿½madtï¿½k a MARSALA cirkï¿½lï¿½t, amelyen ï¿½rzï¿½keny kï¿½rokat okoztak. A K 205 (Brooser sorhajï¿½hadnagy, Rehmann fregatthadnagy) ï¿½s a K 206 (Haschke repï¿½lï¿½mester, Czencz sorhajï¿½hadnagy) az egyik brit cirkï¿½lï¿½t tï¿½madtï¿½k s bombï¿½ztak egy tengeralattjï¿½rï¿½t, amely idejï¿½ben lemerï¿½lt. A K 195 (erre szï¿½llt ï¿½t Lerc, Lenti tengerï¿½szzï¿½szlï¿½s) ï¿½s a K 152 (Kaltschmid tengerï¿½szzï¿½szlï¿½s, Engel zï¿½szlï¿½s) ï¿½szleltï¿½k elï¿½szï¿½r a SANKT GEORG csoport kifutï¿½sï¿½t ï¿½s jelentettï¿½k a nehï¿½z helyzetben kï¿½zdï¿½ Horthy sorhajï¿½kapitï¿½nynak, valamint a NOVARA-csoport helyzetï¿½rï¿½l egy dobozba tett jelentï¿½st dobott le Lerch ï¿½s Lenti (K 195) 5 mï¿½teres magassï¿½gbï¿½l a teljes gï¿½zzel szï¿½guldï¿½ SANKT GEORG fedï¿½lzetï¿½re. A jelentï¿½s cï¿½lba ï¿½rt, pedig erï¿½s szï¿½l fï¿½jt!
A cirkï¿½lï¿½flottilla parancsnoka, Hanza Sï¿½ndor ellentengernagy jelentï¿½sï¿½ben igen nagyra ï¿½rtï¿½kelte a repï¿½lï¿½k tevï¿½kenysï¿½gï¿½t, rï¿½diï¿½s tï¿½zvezetï¿½sï¿½ket ï¿½s hï¿½si helytï¿½llï¿½sukat az ellensï¿½g tï¿½zï¿½ben ï¿½s a feltï¿½madt bï¿½rï¿½ban, kiemelve, hogy egyesek kï¿½zï¿½lï¿½k tï¿½z ï¿½rï¿½n ï¿½t voltak a levegï¿½ben... Tengerï¿½szrepï¿½lï¿½ink roppant igï¿½nybevï¿½tele ï¿½s hï¿½si helytï¿½llï¿½sa a naprï¿½l napra megismï¿½tlï¿½dï¿½ kï¿½zdelemben csak akkor tudatosodhat az utï¿½kor olvasï¿½jï¿½ban, ha rï¿½vid betekintï¿½st nyerhet a hï¿½borï¿½ hï¿½tkï¿½znapjaiba. Ennek bemutatï¿½sï¿½ra most egy testvï¿½rpï¿½r nï¿½hï¿½ny hï¿½napjï¿½t elevenï¿½tjï¿½k fel. Okrï¿½gi Zhuber Erik 1896-ban szï¿½letett s 1915. december 1-jï¿½n avattï¿½k tengerï¿½szkadettï¿½. Kï¿½t ï¿½vvel fiatalabb ï¿½ccse, Ferdinï¿½nd 1916. augusztus 1-jï¿½tï¿½l viselte ezt a rendfokozatot. Mindketten a tengerï¿½szeti repï¿½lï¿½shez jelentkeztek, mert a korszerï¿½sï¿½g, a haladï¿½s vonzotta ï¿½ket. A hajï¿½kon kï¿½telezï¿½en letï¿½ltï¿½tt idï¿½, majd a repï¿½lï¿½s kikï¿½pzï¿½s utï¿½n egyï¿½tt helyeztï¿½k ï¿½t ï¿½ket a trieszti repï¿½lï¿½ï¿½llomï¿½sra. Elï¿½szï¿½r, 1917 mï¿½rciusï¿½ban az idï¿½sebb, Erik szï¿½llt fï¿½l a K 217-esen egy Arady nevï¿½ tï¿½bori pilï¿½tï¿½val s Grado kikï¿½tï¿½jï¿½t bombï¿½ztï¿½k tï¿½z mï¿½sik gï¿½ppel egyï¿½tt. Mï¿½sodik bevetï¿½sï¿½re ï¿½prilis 3-ï¿½n indult a K 212 fedï¿½lzetï¿½n, mï¿½snap, kï¿½telï¿½kben ugyancsak Gradï¿½t ï¿½s a gorgï¿½i repï¿½lï¿½teret bombï¿½ztï¿½k s eltalï¿½ltak kï¿½t hangï¿½rt 8 bombï¿½val. A heves elhï¿½rï¿½tï¿½tï¿½z azonban nem tett kï¿½rt bennï¿½k. Dï¿½lutï¿½n Okrï¿½gi Zhuber Ferdinï¿½nd, az ifjabbik indult elsï¿½ bevetï¿½sre az A 25-ï¿½s gï¿½pen, kï¿½sï¿½rve az A 11-en repï¿½lï¿½ hï¿½res Banfield sorhajï¿½had-nagyot s ott, ahol a bï¿½tyja bombï¿½zott, lï¿½gi csatï¿½t vï¿½vott tï¿½bb olasz gï¿½ppel. ï¿½prilis 29-ï¿½n Okrï¿½gi Zhuber Erik szï¿½llt kï¿½telï¿½kben Villa Vincentina fï¿½lï¿½, ahol a gï¿½pek ï¿½sszesen 90 bombï¿½t dobtak az ottani katonai tï¿½borra. A kï¿½vetkezï¿½ napon ugyanott a vasï¿½tvonalat bombï¿½ztï¿½k.
Mï¿½jus 2-ï¿½n ismï¿½t Villa Vicentinï¿½t bombï¿½ztï¿½k kï¿½telï¿½kben. Okrï¿½gi Zhuber Erik tï¿½rsa, megfigyelï¿½je Schramm egyï¿½ves ï¿½nkï¿½ntes volt a K 194-es gï¿½pen. Mï¿½snap fordult elï¿½ elï¿½szï¿½r, hogy a testvï¿½rpï¿½r ugyanabban a kï¿½telï¿½kben szï¿½llt fel. Sagredo katonai tï¿½borï¿½t kellett bombï¿½zniuk. Erik ezï¿½ttal is Schrammal repï¿½lt, Ferdinï¿½nd egy hadseregbeli ezredest vitt magï¿½val megfigyelï¿½ï¿½l a K 212-es gï¿½pen. Mï¿½jus 10-ï¿½n Okrï¿½gi Zhuber Erik Schrammal a K 194 gï¿½ppel kï¿½telï¿½kben ismï¿½t egy katonai tï¿½bort bombï¿½ztak ï¿½s gï¿½ppuskï¿½ztak. Kï¿½t nappal kï¿½sï¿½bb, mï¿½jus 12-ï¿½n egy kï¿½telï¿½kben repï¿½lt a testvï¿½rpï¿½r. Az idï¿½sebb Schrammal a K 194-esen, ï¿½ccse egyedï¿½l az A 25-ï¿½sï¿½n. Megint katonai tï¿½bor volt a cï¿½lpont Palazzattï¿½ban. A kï¿½vetkezï¿½ napon Beligna, Aquilea, valamint a Sdobba-ï¿½tegek volt a cï¿½lpont. Mï¿½jus 14-ï¿½n ismï¿½t egyï¿½tt startoltak a testvï¿½rek. Erik a K 194-en Schrammal, Ferdinï¿½nd a K 212-esen Kolossal egyï¿½tt. A cï¿½lpont S. Canziano ï¿½s a fï¿½lelmetes Sdobba-ï¿½teg volt. Ugyanezen a napon az ï¿½ccs a K 212-esen Kolossal ismï¿½t felszï¿½llt s a K 221-est vezetï¿½ Banfielddal ï¿½jbï¿½l elrepï¿½ltek a front fï¿½lï¿½, hogy felderï¿½tsï¿½k, mekkora kï¿½rt okoztak a Sdobba-ï¿½tegben. Amint lï¿½tjuk, ha az idï¿½jï¿½rï¿½s ï¿½s gï¿½pek mï¿½szaki ï¿½llapota megengedte, repï¿½lï¿½ink fï¿½radtsï¿½got nem ismerve, ï¿½llandï¿½ harckï¿½szï¿½ltsï¿½gben vï¿½rtï¿½k a startparancsot, hogy naponta akï¿½r tï¿½bbszï¿½r is megkï¿½zdjenek az egyre nagyobb erï¿½fï¿½lï¿½nyt mutatï¿½ ellensï¿½ggel. Hogy az egyes vï¿½llalkozï¿½-sokrï¿½l visszatï¿½rve, a nï¿½hï¿½ny ï¿½rï¿½s harci szï¿½netben mirï¿½l beszï¿½lgettek, azt nem tudjuk, a hivata-los iratok errï¿½l hallgatnak. A testvï¿½rek, ï¿½lmï¿½nyeiken kï¿½vï¿½l bizonyï¿½ra az otthonrï¿½l is vï¿½ltottak nï¿½hï¿½ny szï¿½t s amikor beugrï¿½ltak gï¿½peikbe, valï¿½szï¿½nï¿½leg egymï¿½sba kapcsolï¿½dott a tekintetï¿½k s pillantï¿½saik szerencsï¿½s visszatï¿½rï¿½st ï¿½zentek, mielï¿½tt szemï¿½kre hï¿½ztï¿½k a motorosszemï¿½veget. Mï¿½jus 16-ï¿½n csak a bï¿½ty szï¿½llt fel, de 17-ï¿½n ismï¿½t egyazon kï¿½telï¿½kben bombï¿½ztï¿½k Valentino raktï¿½rait ï¿½s katonai tï¿½borï¿½t, valamint a Bosco-csatornï¿½t. Mï¿½jus 18-ï¿½n Okrï¿½gi Zhuber Ferdinï¿½nd, az ï¿½ccs, felderï¿½tï¿½ ï¿½ton volt az A 25-el Capodistria-Umago fï¿½lï¿½tt, ahonnan visszatï¿½rï¿½ben Morosini szigetnï¿½l szï¿½tlï¿½tt egy megfigyelï¿½ lï¿½ggï¿½mbï¿½t, amelytï¿½l tï¿½zet fogott a gï¿½pe s lï¿½ngolva lezuhant. A hï¿½si halï¿½lt halt tengerï¿½szkadett mï¿½g nem volt 19 ï¿½ves. Bï¿½tyjï¿½t nï¿½hï¿½ny hï¿½t szabadsï¿½gra kï¿½ldtï¿½k, majd visszatï¿½rve ï¿½thelyeztï¿½k a pï¿½lai repï¿½lï¿½tï¿½rre. Innen jï¿½nius 6-ï¿½n indult elï¿½szï¿½r bevetï¿½sre Schrammal az L 124-es gï¿½pen. Aknamezï¿½ utï¿½n kutattak. Aztï¿½n Rovignï¿½ kï¿½zelï¿½ben motorhiba miatt lezuhanva ï¿½letï¿½ket vesztettï¿½k. Emlï¿½kezik-e mï¿½g valaki e hï¿½s fivï¿½rekre, akik ï¿½nfelï¿½ldozï¿½ vitï¿½zsï¿½gï¿½kkel pï¿½ldï¿½t adtak haza-szeretetbï¿½l ï¿½s kï¿½telessï¿½gteljesï¿½tï¿½sbï¿½l? De folytassuk az ï¿½v hadi krï¿½nikï¿½jï¿½t. A nyï¿½ri hï¿½napok folyamï¿½n a szemben ï¿½llï¿½ felek mindent elkï¿½vettek a lï¿½gtï¿½r feletti uralom megtartï¿½sï¿½ï¿½rt. Egymï¿½st ï¿½rtï¿½k a kï¿½lcsï¿½nï¿½s bombï¿½zï¿½sok, lï¿½gicsatï¿½k. A legtï¿½bbszï¿½r Triesztbï¿½l startoltak a gï¿½pek, de Pï¿½lï¿½bï¿½l ï¿½s Parenzï¿½bï¿½l is sokszor indultak bevetï¿½sre, ami termï¿½szetes, mert a Monarchia hadmï¿½veleteinek sï¿½lypontja ekkor mï¿½r az olasz frontra helyezï¿½dï¿½tt ï¿½t s itt volt a legnagyobb szï¿½ksï¿½g a lï¿½gi tï¿½mogatï¿½sra, amihez kï¿½zenfekvï¿½ volt a kï¿½zeli haditengerï¿½szeti repï¿½lï¿½bï¿½zisok igï¿½nybevï¿½tele. Jï¿½lius 10-ï¿½n pï¿½ldï¿½ul Triesztbï¿½l ï¿½t gï¿½p indult Monfalcone bombï¿½zï¿½sï¿½ra, ugyanekkor hï¿½rom olasz gï¿½p tï¿½madott Isonzï¿½nï¿½l. Hï¿½rom sajï¿½t gï¿½pï¿½nk szï¿½llt szembe velï¿½k s kï¿½zï¿½lï¿½k ketten egyï¿½ttes rajtaï¿½tï¿½ssel lelï¿½ttï¿½k az egyiket. Mire azonban a cs. ï¿½s kir. torpedï¿½naszï¿½d a helyszï¿½nre ï¿½rkezett, hogy foglyul ejtse az olaszokat, az egyik olasz motorcsï¿½nak megelï¿½zte s Gradï¿½ba vontatta a gï¿½pet s pilï¿½tï¿½it. Tï¿½bbszï¿½r elï¿½fordult, hogy hadseregbeli tisztekkel repï¿½ltek a front fï¿½lï¿½, mert a hadsereg fel-derï¿½tï¿½tisztjei szemï¿½lyesen, a helyszï¿½nen akartak tï¿½jï¿½kozï¿½dni a helyzet felï¿½l. A hadsereg kï¿½szï¿½lt az ï¿½jabb rohamra az Isonzï¿½ mentï¿½n. Jï¿½lius 28-ï¿½n nagyszabï¿½sï¿½ tï¿½madï¿½st dolgozott ki ï¿½s hangolt ï¿½ssze a tengerï¿½szeti repï¿½lï¿½s parancsnoksï¿½ga, mindenekelï¿½tt Mikuleczky Ferenc sorhajï¿½hadnagy, a tengerï¿½szeti repï¿½lï¿½s parancsnoka. Mikuleczkynek, mint parancsnoknak, ez volt az utolsï¿½ hadmï¿½velete, mert sajï¿½t kï¿½rï¿½sï¿½re augusztus 1-jï¿½vel felvï¿½ltottï¿½k. De bï¿½csï¿½zï¿½ul ï¿½rï¿½k idï¿½kre emlï¿½kezetessï¿½ tette nevï¿½t a trieszti, pï¿½lai ï¿½s parnezï¿½i tï¿½maszpontrï¿½l egyszerre indï¿½tott ï¿½s vezetett nagyszabï¿½sï¿½ lï¿½gi had-mï¿½veletï¿½vel. Pï¿½lï¿½bï¿½l 134. Triesztbï¿½l 7 ï¿½s Parenzï¿½bï¿½l 2 gï¿½p indult Grado ï¿½s Carvignano pï¿½lyaudvarï¿½nak bombï¿½zï¿½sï¿½ra. A gï¿½pek tï¿½bb hullï¿½mban ï¿½rkeztek a cï¿½lpontok fï¿½lï¿½ ï¿½s sï¿½lyos kï¿½rokat okoztak ï¿½gy, hogy a heves ellenï¿½re egyetlen gï¿½pet sem veszï¿½tettek, csupï¿½n a K 162-nek kellett motorhiba miatt kï¿½nyszerleszï¿½llï¿½st vï¿½grehajtania, de pilï¿½tï¿½ja, Szï¿½chenyi Mihï¿½ly tengerï¿½szzï¿½szlï¿½s ï¿½s megfigyelï¿½je, Srch Jaroboy egyï¿½ves ï¿½nkï¿½ntes sï¿½rtetlenï¿½l ï¿½rt fï¿½ldet Parenzï¿½n. Ugyancsak szerencsï¿½sen vï¿½gzï¿½dï¿½tt a K 198-as gï¿½p balesete, amikor beleakadt Saluga vilï¿½gï¿½tï¿½tornyï¿½ba. A gï¿½pek ï¿½sszesen 2040 kilï¿½ bombï¿½t dobtak Gradï¿½ra ï¿½s 960 kilï¿½nyit Cervignano pï¿½lyaudvarï¿½ra. Ilyen mennyisï¿½gï¿½ bombï¿½t egy tï¿½madï¿½s alatt eddig mï¿½g nem dobtak le tengerï¿½szrepï¿½lï¿½k.
Mï¿½snap ï¿½kszaka megismï¿½teltï¿½k a Grado elleni bombatï¿½madï¿½st, ezï¿½ttal a belsï¿½ kikï¿½tï¿½ volt a cï¿½lpont. Ebben a hadmï¿½veletben csak 16 gï¿½p vett rï¿½szt a pï¿½lai ï¿½s a parenzï¿½i tï¿½maszpontrï¿½l s ï¿½sszesen 1510 kilï¿½ szï¿½rtak le, ï¿½jabb jelentï¿½s kï¿½rt okozva az ellensï¿½gnek. A kumbori ï¿½s durazzï¿½i bï¿½zisokrï¿½l felszï¿½llï¿½ gï¿½pek elsï¿½sorban ellensï¿½ges tengeralattjï¿½rï¿½k utï¿½n kutattak s Valonï¿½t, valamint Otrantï¿½t bombï¿½ztï¿½k. A hï¿½nap utolsï¿½ napjï¿½n ï¿½rte baleset a kumbori repï¿½lï¿½k parancsnokï¿½t, Konyovics Demeter sorhajï¿½hadnagyot, amikor az A 29-es gï¿½ppel a kumbori repï¿½lï¿½tï¿½ren felbukott. Felï¿½pï¿½lï¿½se hetekig tartott. A trieszti repï¿½lï¿½ï¿½llomï¿½son egy mï¿½sik testvï¿½rpï¿½r is szolgï¿½lt, rï¿½luk is illï¿½ megemlï¿½kezni. Ottinger ï¿½goston tiszti beosztï¿½sï¿½ kï¿½tï¿½ves ï¿½nkï¿½ntes negyedmester, Ottinger Ottï¿½ repï¿½lï¿½mester pilï¿½ta altiszt volt. Szï¿½mtalanszor repï¿½ltek azonos kï¿½telï¿½kben ï¿½s tï¿½bbszï¿½r ugyanabban a gï¿½p-ben, egyï¿½tt. Azutï¿½n elkï¿½vetkezett oktï¿½ber 25-e, amikor azonos kï¿½telï¿½kben, de mï¿½s-mï¿½s gï¿½pen ï¿½tkï¿½ztek meg az ellensï¿½ggel. Ottinger ï¿½goston gï¿½pe, a K 221-es, lï¿½gi harcba kerï¿½lt kï¿½t olasszal, s azok Pirano fï¿½lï¿½tt lelï¿½ttï¿½k, s Gerzetics Jï¿½zsef egyï¿½ves ï¿½nkï¿½ntessel hï¿½si halï¿½lt halt. Ottinger Ottï¿½ megï¿½rte a hï¿½borï¿½ vï¿½gï¿½t. Augusztus 14-ï¿½n, hajnali fï¿½l nï¿½gykor kezdtï¿½k a trieszti, pï¿½lai ï¿½s parenzï¿½i tï¿½maszpontrï¿½l felszï¿½llt gï¿½pek bombï¿½zni Velencï¿½t, elsï¿½sorban az Arzenï¿½lt (fegyver- ï¿½s lï¿½szerraktï¿½rait), amelyre 73 bombï¿½t dobtak. A remekï¿½l ï¿½sszehangolt tï¿½madï¿½sban ï¿½sszesen 20 gï¿½p vett rï¿½szt. Ezt tekinti a szakirodalom a Velence elleni legnagyobb szabï¿½sï¿½ bombatï¿½madï¿½snak, amelyet a tengerï¿½szeti repï¿½lï¿½k hajtottak vï¿½gre. A haditengerï¿½szet gï¿½pei utï¿½n egy ï¿½rï¿½val a hadsereg lï¿½giereje ugyancsak 20 tï¿½bori repï¿½lï¿½gï¿½pet indï¿½tott Velence fï¿½lï¿½, de kï¿½zï¿½lï¿½k csak kevesen ï¿½rtek cï¿½lba. A rendkï¿½vï¿½l heves elhï¿½rï¿½tï¿½ tï¿½z ellenï¿½re az olaszoknak csak a K 288-as gï¿½pet sikerï¿½lt lelï¿½niï¿½k, legï¿½nysï¿½ge - Wachtel Pï¿½l fregatthadnagy ï¿½s Ziegler Nï¿½ndor tengerï¿½sz-zï¿½szlï¿½s - elesett. A K 201-es motorhiba miatt a tengerre szï¿½llt, de szemï¿½lyzetï¿½t - Kolos Kï¿½lmï¿½n tengerï¿½sz-zï¿½szlï¿½st ï¿½s Niedermayer Jï¿½zsef tengerï¿½szzï¿½szlï¿½st - a mellï¿½ ereszkedï¿½ K 227 - Pranberger ï¿½s Meller fregatthadnagy - felvette. A K 203-as ugyancsak motorhiba miatt szï¿½llt le a Piave toroknï¿½l, de az olaszok nem vettï¿½k ï¿½ket ï¿½szre, ï¿½gy Russ ï¿½s Trost fregatthadnagynak sikerï¿½lt a motort kijavï¿½tani, ï¿½jbï¿½l felszï¿½llni s Velence fï¿½lï¿½ visszatï¿½rni. Ekkor kerï¿½ltek abba az elhï¿½rï¿½tï¿½ tï¿½zbe, amely ï¿½tï¿½tï¿½tte a benzintartï¿½lyt ï¿½s Trost hï¿½tï¿½t is talï¿½lat ï¿½rte. ï¿½jabb kï¿½nyszerleszï¿½llï¿½s a tengerre Tagliamentonï¿½l. A repï¿½lï¿½tï¿½madï¿½sokat rendszerint torpedï¿½naszï¿½dok fedeztï¿½k ï¿½s azon az ï¿½tvonalon cirkï¿½ltak, amelyeken a gï¿½peknek haza kellett tï¿½rniï¿½k. Ezï¿½ttal a 90 F torpedï¿½-naszï¿½d akadt rï¿½ a tengeren ringatï¿½zï¿½ gï¿½pre. Trostot elsï¿½segï¿½lyben rï¿½szesï¿½tettï¿½k s vontatï¿½kï¿½tï¿½lre vï¿½ve a gï¿½pet, megindultak vissza. Az olasz ï¿½s francia repï¿½lï¿½k azonban ï¿½ldï¿½zve a mieinket, meglï¿½ttï¿½k a torpedï¿½naszï¿½dot ï¿½s mï¿½lyrepï¿½lï¿½sben gï¿½ppuskatï¿½zet zï¿½dï¿½tottak rï¿½. A naszï¿½dban tï¿½bbszï¿½ri rajtaï¿½tï¿½ssel sem okoztak kï¿½rt, a vontatott K 203-as azonban sï¿½llyedni kezdett, vï¿½gï¿½l felfordult s a naszï¿½d parancsnoka elsï¿½llyesztette. Augusztus 19-ï¿½n megkezdett 11. Isonzï¿½ csatï¿½t az olasz ï¿½s brit monitorok indï¿½tottï¿½k el a Hermada-fensï¿½kon beï¿½sott osztrï¿½k-magyar ï¿½llï¿½sok lï¿½vï¿½sï¿½vel. A tengerï¿½szeti repï¿½lï¿½s kï¿½sede-lem nï¿½lkï¿½l vï¿½laszolt: hat gï¿½p tï¿½stï¿½nt startolt ï¿½s bombï¿½zta a monitorokat, majd az Isonzï¿½ torkolatnï¿½l felï¿½llï¿½tott Sdobba-ï¿½tegeket. Dï¿½lutï¿½n a hat gï¿½p ismï¿½t bombï¿½zta a monitorokat ï¿½s Sdobba-ï¿½tegeket. A gï¿½pek feltï¿½ltve bombakï¿½szleteiket, harmadszor is tï¿½madtak, esetenkï¿½nt 700-800 mï¿½terre kï¿½zelï¿½tve meg az erï¿½s lï¿½gelhï¿½rï¿½tï¿½ tï¿½z ellenï¿½re a monitorokat. A harmadik hullï¿½mban eltalï¿½ltï¿½k a K 220-as gï¿½pet, amely kigyulladva lezuhant, Kolos Kï¿½lmï¿½n ï¿½s Pramberger Emil tengerï¿½szzï¿½szlï¿½sok hï¿½si halï¿½lt haltak. Az Isonzï¿½-front ï¿½s fï¿½kï¿½nt a Sdobba-ï¿½tegek elleni tï¿½madï¿½sok tovï¿½bb folytatï¿½dtak. Ugyanekkor az olaszok is rendszeresen berepï¿½ltek Trieszt fï¿½lï¿½. A cs. ï¿½s kir. repï¿½lï¿½k azonban mindig kï¿½szen ï¿½lltak s hatalmas lï¿½gi csatï¿½kat vï¿½vtak az ellensï¿½ggel. Trieszt mellett kï¿½lï¿½nï¿½sen Pï¿½la volt az ellensï¿½g leggyakrabban tï¿½madott vï¿½rosa. Augusztus 4-ï¿½n pï¿½ldï¿½ul 23 ï¿½ra 30-tï¿½l mï¿½snap reggel 4 ï¿½ra 40-ig hullottak a bombï¿½k, mintegy 80 darab, a vï¿½rosra. A Pï¿½lï¿½t tï¿½madï¿½ 36 repï¿½lï¿½gï¿½p bombï¿½i eltalï¿½ltï¿½k a vagongyï¿½rat, a kazï¿½nï¿½pï¿½tï¿½ telepet, az aknaraktï¿½rat ï¿½s a kï¿½rhï¿½zat. Az akciï¿½t a leghï¿½resebb olasz pilï¿½tatiszt, D'Annunziï¿½ vezette. Bï¿½r a mieink felszï¿½lltak, hogy elï¿½zzï¿½k az ellensï¿½get, ezï¿½ttal egyetlen gï¿½pet sem tudtak lelï¿½ni. Nï¿½hï¿½ny nap elteltï¿½vel - augusztus 9-ï¿½n - 28 gï¿½p tï¿½madta Pï¿½lï¿½t s mintegy 90 bombï¿½t dobtak a vï¿½ros ï¿½zemeire. Az egyes repï¿½lï¿½ï¿½llomï¿½sok egyï¿½ttesen vï¿½grehajtott ï¿½s kï¿½zï¿½sen szervezett nagy bombatï¿½madï¿½sokon kï¿½vï¿½l ï¿½nï¿½llï¿½an is hajtottak vï¿½gre akciï¿½kat. Pï¿½lï¿½bï¿½l 1917. augusztus 2-ï¿½n 12 gï¿½p indult Bottrighe, Cavanello, Tenuta Ca Nouvo ipartelepeinek bombï¿½zï¿½sï¿½ra s itt 87 bombï¿½t dobtak le. Mï¿½snap 11 gï¿½ppel tï¿½madtï¿½k Pontelagoscure gyï¿½rtelepeit. Ebben az akciï¿½ban 1240 kilï¿½ bombï¿½val szï¿½rtï¿½k meg a cï¿½lpontokat. Az egyik 150 kilï¿½s bomba telibe talï¿½lta a vasï¿½ti hidat. Az erï¿½s lï¿½gelhï¿½rï¿½tï¿½s tï¿½bb sï¿½rï¿½lï¿½st okozott a gï¿½peken. Kï¿½zï¿½lï¿½k a K 232-es - Mitterwallner tengerï¿½szkadett ï¿½s Trï¿½ber repï¿½lï¿½mester-pilï¿½ta - kï¿½nytelen volt leszï¿½llni. Miutï¿½n a tengert nem ï¿½rhettï¿½k el, a Pï¿½ folyï¿½n landoltak s azon igyekeztek az Adriï¿½ig lecsurogni. Kï¿½zben azonban az olasz csendï¿½rï¿½k felfedeztï¿½k ï¿½ket, motorcsï¿½nakkal utï¿½nuk eredtek ï¿½s mindkettï¿½jï¿½ket elfogtï¿½k. Augusztus 21-ï¿½n nï¿½gy gï¿½p indult felderï¿½tï¿½ï¿½tra. Feladatuk a Piave - Velence kï¿½zï¿½tti terï¿½let megfigyelï¿½se volt. A felszï¿½llï¿½ olasz gï¿½pekkel lï¿½gi harcot vï¿½vtak, de kï¿½t gï¿½pnek is elakadt a gï¿½ppuska hevedere s ï¿½gy a lï¿½gi csatï¿½t abbahagytï¿½k. Hazatï¿½rï¿½ben egy tengeralattjï¿½rï¿½t bombï¿½ztak, eredmï¿½nytelenï¿½l. Augusztus 28-ï¿½n Grado kikï¿½tï¿½jï¿½t bombï¿½zta nï¿½gy gï¿½p. Visszatï¿½rï¿½ben kigyulladt a K 213-as gï¿½p, de mï¿½g le tudtak ereszkedni a Trieszti-ï¿½bï¿½lben a vï¿½zre s tï¿½rsaik megmentettï¿½k Vio tenegrï¿½szkadettet ï¿½s Polinak tengerï¿½szzï¿½szlï¿½st. A kumbori ï¿½s durazzï¿½i bï¿½zisrï¿½l felszï¿½llï¿½ gï¿½pek fï¿½ feladata az otrantï¿½i tengerzï¿½r tï¿½madï¿½sa ï¿½s az otrantï¿½i szoros ï¿½llandï¿½ ï¿½rzï¿½se volt, hogy megkï¿½nnyï¿½tsï¿½k a tengeralattjï¿½rï¿½k ï¿½thatolï¿½sï¿½t az Adriï¿½tï¿½l dï¿½lre fekvï¿½ tengerrï¿½szekre, illetve visszatï¿½rï¿½sï¿½ket a Fï¿½ldkï¿½zi-tengerrï¿½l. Ezï¿½rt az olasz, francia ï¿½s brit repï¿½lï¿½k rendszeresen tï¿½madtï¿½k ezt a kï¿½t repï¿½lï¿½ï¿½llomï¿½st Korfubï¿½l, Otrantï¿½bï¿½l, Valonï¿½bï¿½l, Brindisibï¿½l ï¿½s mï¿½g nï¿½hï¿½ny kisebb tï¿½maszpontrï¿½l felszï¿½llva. A durazzï¿½i, legdï¿½lebbre fekvï¿½ repï¿½lï¿½ï¿½llomï¿½sunkat pï¿½ldï¿½ul augusztus 3-ï¿½n kï¿½t olasz gï¿½p tï¿½mad-ta. Elï¿½zï¿½sï¿½kre az A 21 ï¿½s a K 207-es szï¿½llt fel. (Az "A" jelï¿½ gï¿½pek kimondottan elhï¿½rï¿½tï¿½ vadï¿½szgï¿½pek voltak.) Augusztus 5-ï¿½n ugyancsak megjelentek az olaszok s a kifejlï¿½dï¿½tt lï¿½gi harcban az A 21 pilï¿½tï¿½ja, Reinhold Haschke repï¿½lï¿½mester-pilï¿½ta az egyiket lelï¿½tte. Mï¿½snap kï¿½t francia gï¿½p akarta bombï¿½zni a durazzï¿½i repï¿½lï¿½ï¿½llomï¿½st, de Haschke az A 21-el elï¿½zte ï¿½ket. Augusztus 11-ï¿½n ugyanez megismï¿½tlï¿½dï¿½tt s ezï¿½ttal is Hascke szï¿½llt fel ellenï¿½k. Augusztus 14-ï¿½n is megjelent kï¿½t olasz repï¿½lï¿½, ezeket az A 23 pilï¿½tï¿½ja, Nardelli fregatthadnagy kergette el. Augusztus 17-ï¿½n is megjelent a kï¿½t olasz gï¿½p. Ezï¿½ttal az A 23-on kï¿½vï¿½l a K 207 is a levegï¿½be emelkedett, de a lï¿½gi csata fï¿½lbeszakadt, mert elakadt mindkï¿½t gï¿½p gï¿½ppuskahevedere. Az olasz, illetve a francia gï¿½pek augusztusban mï¿½g 18-ï¿½n, 24-ï¿½n, 27-ï¿½n ï¿½s 30-ï¿½n akartï¿½k bombï¿½zni, illetve rï¿½szben bombï¿½ztï¿½k is a durazzï¿½i repï¿½lï¿½ï¿½llomï¿½st. Szeptemberben viszont csak hï¿½romszor tï¿½madtï¿½k a repï¿½lï¿½k Durazzï¿½t. Egy alkalommal bombï¿½ztï¿½k a BARON CALL kï¿½rhï¿½zhajï¿½t (szeptember 28), pedig az idï¿½ tiszta volt ï¿½s a kï¿½rhï¿½zhajï¿½n messzirï¿½l virï¿½tott a vï¿½rï¿½s kereszt. A durazzï¿½i tï¿½maszpontrï¿½l szeptemberben hatszor indultak felderï¿½tï¿½sre vagy bombï¿½zï¿½sra a gï¿½pek. Egy ilyen, Brindisi bombï¿½zï¿½sra felszï¿½llï¿½, hï¿½t gï¿½pbï¿½l ï¿½llï¿½ kï¿½telï¿½kbï¿½l szeptember 27-ï¿½n hï¿½rom gï¿½p nem tï¿½rt vissza. A K 307-est lelï¿½ttï¿½k, szemï¿½lyzetï¿½t (Lerch Emmï¿½nuel fregatthadnagy ï¿½s Lenti Bï¿½la tengerï¿½szzï¿½szlï¿½s) foglyul ejtettï¿½k. A mï¿½sik kettï¿½rï¿½l csak annyit lehetett kiderï¿½teni, hogy a K 193-asnak a roncsait, benne Sewera fregatthadnagy ï¿½s Strizik tengerï¿½szzï¿½szlï¿½s holttestï¿½vel, az olaszok a part kï¿½zelï¿½ben megtalï¿½ltï¿½k. A K 223-as nyomtala-nul eltï¿½nt Traxelmayr egyï¿½ves ï¿½nkï¿½ntessel ï¿½s Czencz Jenï¿½ tartalï¿½kos hadnaggyal egyï¿½tt. Pedig a bajtï¿½rsak kï¿½t napon ï¿½t kerestï¿½k ï¿½ket. 1917 nyarï¿½n ï¿½rte el az adriai tï¿½rsï¿½gben a lï¿½gi hï¿½borï¿½ a legnagyobb hatï¿½sfokot. Ugyanekkor a cs. ï¿½s kir. repï¿½lï¿½knek egyre tï¿½bbszï¿½r kellett vï¿½dekezniï¿½k, elhï¿½rï¿½taniuk az ellensï¿½g tï¿½madï¿½sait. Ennek ellenï¿½re ï¿½rtek mï¿½g el lï¿½tvï¿½nyos eredmï¿½nyeket. Szeptember 27-ï¿½n pï¿½ldï¿½ul a Pï¿½lï¿½bï¿½l felszï¿½llï¿½ hat gï¿½p kï¿½zï¿½l az egyiknek, a K 190-esnek, illetve legï¿½nysï¿½gï¿½nek: Max Otto repï¿½lï¿½mester-pilï¿½tï¿½nak s Felix Elsner egy ï¿½ves ï¿½nkï¿½ntesnek (zï¿½szlï¿½snak) sikerï¿½lt ï¿½gy telibe talï¿½lnia bombï¿½jï¿½val Jesiben a nagy hangï¿½rt, hogy az teljesen megsemmisï¿½lt. A benne lï¿½vï¿½, gï¿½zokkal teli lï¿½ghajï¿½k mind elï¿½gtek. Lï¿½ngjuk 100 mï¿½ter magasra csapott. Megjegyzendï¿½, hogy ezt a lï¿½ghajï¿½-hangï¿½rt a repï¿½lï¿½ink 1916-ban mï¿½r egyszer leromboltï¿½k s az olaszok ï¿½jbï¿½l felï¿½pï¿½tettï¿½k. Kï¿½t nappal kï¿½sï¿½bb, szeptember 29-ï¿½n pedig a K 161-es gï¿½p szemï¿½lyzete: Kuncz Ottï¿½ tengerï¿½szzï¿½szlï¿½s ï¿½s murahï¿½zi Khil Ferenc tengerï¿½szkadett ï¿½rt el kï¿½t telitalï¿½latot bombï¿½ival Ferrarï¿½ban a lï¿½ghajï¿½-hangï¿½ron s ebben is benne ï¿½gett legalï¿½bb egy gï¿½zzal tï¿½ltï¿½tt lï¿½ghajï¿½, amint ezt a hozzï¿½vetï¿½leg 100 mï¿½terre felcsapï¿½ szï¿½rï¿½lï¿½ng bizonyï¿½totta. Kï¿½sï¿½ ï¿½szre kï¿½zzelfoghatï¿½an ï¿½rezni lehetett az antant egyre nagyobb lï¿½gi fï¿½lï¿½nyï¿½t s kï¿½lï¿½nï¿½sen novemberben ï¿½s decemberben mï¿½r csak kizï¿½rï¿½lag vï¿½dekeztek a mieink, eltekintve nï¿½hï¿½ny olyan felszï¿½llï¿½stï¿½l, amelynek inkï¿½bb propagandisztikus, ï¿½nbizalmat nï¿½velï¿½ cï¿½lja volt. A dï¿½li tï¿½maszpontokon, Kumborban ï¿½s Durazzï¿½ban ï¿½llomï¿½sozï¿½ repï¿½lï¿½k fï¿½ feladata a felde-rï¿½tï¿½s ï¿½s az otrantï¿½i zï¿½r elleni tï¿½madï¿½sok voltak. Hogy ezek a bombï¿½zï¿½sok ï¿½s gï¿½ppuskï¿½zï¿½sok mennyire zavartï¿½k az antant zï¿½rvï¿½delmï¿½t, azt mutatja, hogy jï¿½niusban elkezdtï¿½k rendszeresen bombï¿½zni repï¿½lï¿½gï¿½peik a durazzï¿½i tengerï¿½szeti repï¿½lï¿½ï¿½llomï¿½st s ezeket a bombatï¿½madï¿½sok augusztustï¿½l Kumborra is kiterjesztettï¿½k. E kï¿½t tï¿½maszpont pilï¿½tï¿½i ï¿½gy vï¿½dekeztek, ahogy tudtak, de hatï¿½konyan nem vehettï¿½k fel az antant gï¿½peivel a harcot, mert ekkoriban mï¿½r nï¿½vekedett a vadï¿½szgï¿½phiï¿½ny, mert ami volt, azt az olasz fronton vetettï¿½k be. Ha a mieink nem is tudtak kellï¿½ eredmï¿½nnyel szembeszï¿½llni az ellensï¿½ggel e kï¿½t dï¿½li bï¿½zison, annyit elï¿½rtek, hogy elï¿½g jelentï¿½s erï¿½ket kï¿½tï¿½ttek le, amelyek kï¿½lï¿½nben az Adria ï¿½szaki tï¿½rsï¿½gï¿½ben, a frontvonalon vagy Triesztnï¿½l ï¿½s Pï¿½lï¿½ban kerï¿½ltek volna bevetï¿½sre. A legkevesebb szï¿½ eddig a kumbori repï¿½lï¿½ï¿½llomï¿½srï¿½l esett, ezï¿½rt most nï¿½zzï¿½k meg naplï¿½szerï¿½en, hogy 1917 oktï¿½berï¿½ben hogyan folyt a tengerï¿½szrepï¿½lï¿½k hï¿½borï¿½ja ezen az ï¿½llomï¿½son. 5-ï¿½n az ellensï¿½g ï¿½jszaka jelent meg a cattarï¿½i ï¿½bï¿½lben ï¿½s bombï¿½zta az ott horgonyzï¿½ hajï¿½kat. A repï¿½lï¿½k azï¿½rt nem szï¿½lltak fï¿½l, mert nem volt egyetlen ï¿½zemkï¿½pes, lï¿½gi harcra alkalmas gï¿½pï¿½k sem. A lï¿½gvï¿½delmet a hajï¿½k lï¿½ttï¿½k el, de gï¿½pet nem lï¿½ttek le. Mï¿½snap ï¿½s 7-ï¿½n a felderï¿½tï¿½ gï¿½pek az eltï¿½nt 11. szï¿½mï¿½ torpedï¿½naszï¿½dot kerestï¿½k, eredmï¿½nyte-lenï¿½l. Amint kï¿½sï¿½bb ismerttï¿½ vï¿½lt, a 11. szï¿½mï¿½ torpedï¿½naszï¿½d oktï¿½ber 5-ï¿½n jï¿½rï¿½rszolgï¿½latra futott ki, de a nyï¿½lt vï¿½zen a cseh legï¿½nysï¿½g letartï¿½ztatta kï¿½t tisztjï¿½t ï¿½s a magyar szakï¿½csot, bezï¿½rta ï¿½ket a kajï¿½tjï¿½kbe ï¿½s a hajï¿½val egyï¿½tt ï¿½tszï¿½ktek az ellensï¿½ghez. Mï¿½g 5-ï¿½n, 10 ï¿½rakor fehï¿½r lobogï¿½ alatt befutott a naszï¿½d Porto Recantaniba, (Anconï¿½tï¿½l dï¿½lre), ahol megadtï¿½k magukat. Az olaszok a hajï¿½t ï¿½tkereszteltï¿½k FRANCESCO RISMONDï¿½-ra. Trianonban ez az ï¿½rulï¿½s is megï¿½rdemelt nï¿½hï¿½ny felvidï¿½ki falut... 18-ï¿½n nï¿½gy gï¿½p fedezte az otrantï¿½i zï¿½rvï¿½dï¿½ hajï¿½k elleni, nagyszabï¿½sï¿½, a HELGOLAND gyorscirkï¿½lï¿½ vezette torpedï¿½rombolï¿½k - Tï¿½TRA, CSEPEL, TRIGLAV II ï¿½s LIKA II - vï¿½llal-kozï¿½sï¿½t. Kï¿½zben a gï¿½pek lï¿½gi harcot vï¿½vtak az ellensï¿½ggel s egyet a K 206 - Holoubek fregatt-hadnagy, Schreinczer egyï¿½ves ï¿½nkï¿½ntes - lelï¿½tt s ï¿½gve zuhant a tengerbe. A K 205 megtï¿½madott egy tengeralattjï¿½rï¿½t, de bombï¿½i mellï¿½ potyogtak. Az ellensï¿½ges hajï¿½-egysï¿½gekre dobott bombï¿½ik jelentï¿½ktelen kï¿½rokat okoztak. Nï¿½gy mï¿½sik gï¿½p a Menders-fok kï¿½rï¿½l figyelte a tengert s idï¿½ben ï¿½rtesï¿½tettï¿½k a HELGOLAND-csoportot a kifutï¿½, cirkï¿½lï¿½ mï¿½retï¿½ nagy egysï¿½gekrï¿½l, amelyek a korfui tï¿½maszpontjukrï¿½l futottak ki, hogy harapï¿½fogï¿½ba zï¿½rjï¿½k hajï¿½inkat. Novemberben ï¿½s decemberben siralmassï¿½ vï¿½lt a kumbori repï¿½lï¿½ï¿½llomï¿½son a helyzet. Alig maradt bevetï¿½sre alkalmas gï¿½pï¿½k. Az anyaghiï¿½nyra jellemzï¿½, hogy az ott veszteglï¿½ 14 repï¿½lï¿½-gï¿½p kï¿½zï¿½l mindï¿½ssze ï¿½tnek volt lï¿½gcsavarja, mert a szï¿½ttï¿½rï¿½ttek, tï¿½nkrementek ï¿½s felrobban-tak helyett nem kaptak ï¿½jat. Igaz, az idï¿½jï¿½rï¿½s is viharosra fordult s a felszï¿½llï¿½sokat egyï¿½bkï¿½nt is ritkï¿½tani kellett. 1917. oktï¿½ber 24-ï¿½n kezdï¿½dï¿½tt a caporettï¿½i ï¿½ttï¿½rï¿½ssel a 12. Isonzï¿½csata, amely a Monarchia csapatainak hozott sikert: 1917 novemberï¿½re az osztrï¿½k-magyar hadsereg elï¿½rte a Tolmezzo-Tagliamento vonalat. A haditengerï¿½szetnek az volt a feladata, hogy a tenger felï¿½l vï¿½zrï¿½l ï¿½s levegï¿½bï¿½l zavarja az olaszok visszavonulï¿½sï¿½t. Ezekben a harcokban a repï¿½lï¿½k kiï¿½rdemeltï¿½k ï¿½s megkaptï¿½k a Hadsereg-fï¿½parancsnoksï¿½g legmagasabb elismerï¿½sï¿½t ï¿½s dicsï¿½retï¿½t. A tengerï¿½sz-repï¿½lï¿½k azonban e harcokban nagy vesztesï¿½geket szenvedtek. Egyre nagyobb volt a hiï¿½ny a kï¿½pzett pilï¿½tï¿½kban ï¿½s megfigyelï¿½kben, ez utï¿½bbiakban kï¿½lï¿½nï¿½sen, mert ezeknek az ï¿½rvï¿½nyes elï¿½ï¿½rï¿½sok szerint feltï¿½tlenï¿½l tiszteknek kellett lenniï¿½k. Ezï¿½rt mï¿½jusban ï¿½gy mï¿½dosï¿½tottak a szabï¿½lyzaton, hogy a kitï¿½nï¿½ eredmï¿½nyt elï¿½rt egyï¿½ves ï¿½nkï¿½nteseket tengerï¿½szzï¿½szlï¿½ssï¿½ lï¿½ptettï¿½k elï¿½, vagyis tisztekkï¿½ vï¿½ltak azï¿½rt, hogy megfigyelï¿½k lehessenek. Tehï¿½t inkï¿½bb csinï¿½ltak tiszteket az ï¿½nkï¿½ntesekbï¿½l megfelelï¿½ szolgï¿½lati s tanulmï¿½nyi idï¿½ elï¿½tt, mintsem hogy megvï¿½ltoztassï¿½k a megfigyelï¿½kre vonatkozï¿½ elï¿½ï¿½rï¿½sokat. Az ï¿½v utolsï¿½ kï¿½t hï¿½napjï¿½ban a trieszti ï¿½s pï¿½lai repï¿½lï¿½ï¿½llomï¿½sokon is erï¿½sen csï¿½kkentek az akciï¿½k. Elsï¿½sorban vï¿½dekeztek az ellensï¿½g meg-megï¿½julï¿½ rohamaival szemben. Legfeljebb a visszavonulï¿½ olasz hadsereget tï¿½madtï¿½k, ha az idï¿½jï¿½rï¿½s engedte, valamint vï¿½dtï¿½k az olasz ï¿½llï¿½sokat a partkï¿½zelben lï¿½vï¿½ WIEN ï¿½s BUDAPEST csatahajï¿½kat, amelyeket az ellensï¿½g gï¿½pei sï¿½rï¿½n tï¿½madtak. Egy ilyen lï¿½gi csatï¿½ban - november 11-ï¿½n - egyszerre nï¿½gy gï¿½pï¿½nk veszett oda. Mï¿½snap ï¿½s november 29-ï¿½n ugyancsak lelï¿½ttek egy-egy gï¿½pï¿½nket, kï¿½zï¿½lï¿½k a K 210-est egyszerre ï¿½t ellensï¿½ges repï¿½lï¿½ tï¿½madta, de a pilï¿½tï¿½nak, Boross Jenï¿½ tengerï¿½szzï¿½szlï¿½s-nak sikerï¿½lt mï¿½g vï¿½zre tennie gï¿½pï¿½t, amelyet a mellï¿½ ereszkedï¿½ A 58-as (pilï¿½tï¿½ja Pichl tengerï¿½szkadett) bevontatott. A december 19-ei nagy tï¿½madï¿½st a Piave-vonalon hajï¿½k ï¿½s repï¿½lï¿½k egyarï¿½nt tï¿½mogattï¿½k. Triesztbï¿½l tï¿½z gï¿½p szï¿½llt a magasba. A K 202-es az ADMIRAL SPAUN gyorscirkï¿½lï¿½nak volt a tï¿½zï¿½rsï¿½gi megfigyelï¿½je (Mindszenty ï¿½rpï¿½d fregatthadnagy, a pilï¿½ta Obendorfer korvett-hadnagy), az L 143-as pedig a BUDAPEST csatahajï¿½ tï¿½zï¿½rsï¿½gi tï¿½zï¿½t figyelte ï¿½s irï¿½nyï¿½totta, helyesbï¿½tette a cï¿½lelemeket (a pilï¿½ta Schneider repï¿½lï¿½mester-pilï¿½ta, a megfigyelï¿½ Zerbs tengerï¿½szzï¿½szlï¿½s). A K 202-es tï¿½bb talï¿½latot kapott ï¿½s lezuhant. Obendorfer meghalt, Mindszenty sï¿½lyos sï¿½rï¿½lï¿½seket szenvedett, de kï¿½sï¿½bb felï¿½pï¿½lt. A K 381-est ugyancsak lelï¿½ttï¿½k, de pilï¿½tï¿½ja Szenes Gyï¿½rgy hajï¿½mester vï¿½zre tette, bï¿½r megsebesï¿½lt. Megfigyelï¿½je, Dorcic korvetthadnagy elesett, Ruzicska egyï¿½ves ï¿½nkï¿½ntest csak sï¿½rolta egy lï¿½vedï¿½k. ï¿½sszesï¿½tve, 1917-ben a tengerï¿½szeti repï¿½lï¿½s harcban elveszï¿½tett 25 gï¿½pet, fogsï¿½gba esett 18, ï¿½s hï¿½si halï¿½lt halt 43 tengerï¿½szrepï¿½lï¿½, majdnem mind kivï¿½tel nï¿½lkï¿½l tisztek voltak. ï¿½s mï¿½g 1916-ban a mieink lelï¿½ttek 17 gï¿½pet, addig 1917-ben ez a szï¿½m hï¿½tre csï¿½kkent, ami mutatja, hogy az ellensï¿½g mennyire megerï¿½sï¿½dï¿½tt... |
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